The Art History Archive

Art Brut

Art Brut, also known as Outsider Art, is an art movement that emerged in Europe in the mid-20th century. The term Art Brut was coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet in 1945 to describe art created outside the boundaries of traditional art-making, by people who are self-taught and typically outside of the mainstream art world.

Art Brut encompasses a wide range of styles and mediums, including drawings, paintings, sculpture, and assemblage. It often features raw, unpolished, and unfiltered imagery, created by individuals who are not influenced by the artistic conventions and expectations of the art world.

Art Brut artists often have a strong emotional or psychological connection to their work, and create from a place of personal expression rather than for the sake of commercial success. They may have little or no formal training, and their work may be considered unconventional or even disturbing by traditional art critics and audiences.

Art Brut has been associated with various cultural and social movements, including the anti-psychiatry movement, which sought to challenge mainstream notions of mental health and championed the creative expression of individuals with mental illness.

Today, Art Brut continues to inspire and influence artists and art lovers around the world, and its legacy can be seen in various contemporary art movements, including graffiti art, street art, and DIY culture.

Browse Art Movements

Abstract Expressionism American Scene Anti-Design Constructivism Cubism Dada Earth Art Fantasy Art Impressionism Neo-Gothic Art Neo-Pop Art Neue Sachlichkeit Pin Up Art Pop Art Precisionism Prehistoric Art Romanticism Salon de la Rose Croix Social Realism Stuckism Surrealism Video Art Visionary Art World of Art